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3,000 BC - The ancient city of Magan provides copper to the ancient world, linking the Indus and Sumerian civilizations, and "Ships of Magan" appear in ancient Sumerian art.
945 BC - The Queen of Sheba rules the rich country of Saba, trading in frankincense, gold, silver, ivory and apes.
563 BC - Cyrus the Great of Persia conquers Oman.
50 AD - The Roman author Pliny describes the coastline of Oman and her ports. notably "Muza", used by the merchants who trade in frankincense and other Arabian perfumes.
130 AD - The anonymous author of the "Periplus of the Erythraean Sea" describes the Dimanyat Islands and the difficulties of navigating the Omani coast.
224 AD - The al-Azd tribe - still the dominant group today - enter northern Oman from their original base in Dhofar and Yemen and free it from the Persian yoke.
226 AD - The Sassanian emperors introduce the "Qanat" system of underground water channels to Oman.
625 AD - Oman accepts Islam from the Prophet Mohammed.
950 AD - The Arab historian, geographer and philosopher. Abd al-Hasan Ali ibn al-Husayn al-Mas'udi, known as The Herodotus of Arabia, travels to and writes of the court of the Sultan of Oman.
1450 AD - Vasco Da Gama arrives in Sohar and persuades a famous Omani pilot, Ahmed ibn Majid of julfar, to pilot him to Calicut.
1506 AD - Alphonso de Albequerque sacks Muscat for resisting him, and the Portuguese construct the jelali and Malyani forts that still stand today.
1697 AD - The Portuguese are ousted by Imam Sultan bin Saif.
1820 AD – First treaty between Oman and the British to ensure a "cessation of plunder and piracy by land and sea" is signed.
1970 AD – His majesty sultan Qaboos bin said takes the throne of Oman.